Arranged Marriages Essays
Arranged marriage in the Indian subcontinent - Wikipedia
Arranged marriage in the Indian subcontinent is a tradition in the societies of the Indian subcontinent, and continue to account for an overwhelming majority of marriages in the Indian subcontinent.
Arranged Marriages Essays
The legal requirements for a wedding included the stricture that the bride and groom would drink together the bridal-ale, usually mead, which meant that honey must be available to brew the drink, and in sufficient quantities so that the couple could share mead together over the month following the wedding, the honey-moon (edwin w. This tradition was connected with the concept of the barnstokkr or ancestral tree of the family, the child-tree which was clasped by women of the family at the time of childbirth (. Vikings conduct a wedding? I feel that i have made a good approximation.
Women who avoided pregnancy suffered no penalty under the law, but it was not considered proper for her to accept an inheritance if she were promiscuous (. A divorce might be granted for what has been called an icelandic variety of nonconsummation (ibid. The arabic poet al-gazal reported that he was told by a danish queen that jealousy was unknown in that country, and that women stayed with men of their own free will, and left them whenever they wanted to (jacobsen, , pp.
This transition could be much more extreme for the woman marrying, since she would not only undergo transformation from woman to wife, but also from maiden to mother in many instances. At least some bridal-crowns used to the present day were elaborately woven from straw and wheat, then garlanded with flowers (marta kashammar. In cases where a woman was seduced or raped, no stigma attached to her at all, thus protecting her from sexual exploitation (.
His instruction on the duties of a husband and father, conferred upon him by his attendants, may have included information garnered from sources such as , which advises young men in their dealings with women, not only warning of their fickle ways, but also providing instruction in the ways to win a womans love, and how to live comfortably with her (hollander, , pp. Womens garb in northern europe 450-1000 ce frisians, angles, franks, balts, vikings and finns. Slapping a spouse, especially in front of witnesses, was considered extremely humiliating (williams, p.
My friends, lord bjorn haraldson and lady leidrun leidulfsdottir, enacted the wedding as i describe it here as all the guests, and the couple themselves will tell you, everything felt. If an appropriate barrow was not available, the ancestral sword may have been concealed by the grooms relatives in a mock-tumulus (. Primarily, marriage was a contractual arrangement between the families of the bride and groom in the viking age, just as it was throughout other areas of medieval europe.
The bride was escorted to the chosen location, preceeded by a young kinsman bearing a sword that would be her wedding gift to her new husband (ellis-davidson, the first part of the religious ritual was designed to summon the attention of the gods and goddesses via invocation and possibly sacrifice. Dancing, wrestling, and good-natured or insult-contests provided the entertainment for the guests, while some of the attendees presented , the so-called lying stories which they had composed for the occasion, featuring stories about famous people, selections of verse, romance and the supernatural, often revolving about the theme of a wedding (julia h. The rinse water might be further associated with the wedding ritual by having herbs, flowers or oils added to it, not only to scent the water but also to add magical potency to the cleansing rite via the supposed aphrodisiac and fertility-encouraging powers associated with such additives. From personal experience, it is amazing just how much liquid a small fir bundle can hold. The head-covering was worn as a badge of honor and as a token of the womans new status as a wife, distinguising her within her household from the servants and the concubines.
Arranged Marriage essays
Arranged Marriage essaysMarriage; a legal union of man and wife. In this day and age there are two different ideas of marriage. The first being a marriage based on love, and the second; a marriage arranged by a third party (usually the parents).
Arranged Marriages Essays
Marriage - Wikipedia
Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity (in-laws and other family through marriage).
Arranged Marriages Essays
While baking in the bath house, the new brides attendants could instruct her on the duties of a wife, religious observances to be followed by married women, The morning-gift was given to the woman as compensation for her sexual availability to her husband, or for her virginity of she were a maiden (foote and wilson.
Concubines were customary, The declaration had to list the reasons for the divorce, and has to be repeated before witnesses in the couples bedroom, in front of the main entrance to the house.
Just as today a womans wedding was one of the most important days of her life. The purpose of the law was to ensure that the six legal witnesses could identify both bride and groom, so if called later to testify to the validity of the marriage, they would have no doubts.
Early Marriage Advantages and Disadvantages Essay - 1349 Words
Primarily, marriage was a contractual arrangement between the families of the bride and groom in the viking age, just as it was throughout other areas of medieval europe. An illegitimate child who had been recognized by its father would receive only two-thirds of its support from its father and the fathers kin, while unacknowledged bastards were entirely supported by the mother and her family (grethe jacobsen, sexual irregularities in medieval scandinavia,. A drop or two of the blood from the mornings sacrifice may also have been blended into the mead, further strengthening the notion that the couple were now related. Marriage bond was required by anne hathaway and william shakespeare - anne was 26 years old and pregnant. There was a set formula to be spoken by the bridegroom over the we declare ourselves witnesses that thou, n.
However, in addressing the topic of marriage, i have also briefly examined love, sexual conduct, mythical-religious aspects, and divorce in order to provide context for understanding the sociocultural background in which marriages were made. These may also have been further consecrated to the wedding vows by placing them on the within the sacred arm-ring to strengthen the link between the concept of the unbroken circle of the ring and the unbreakable nature of the vow. Once attired as a married woman, the new wife was escorted into the hall to complete the final legal requirements of the marriage. This custom was followed prior to the betrothal of king henry and anne of cleves. Family violence was also a reason for divorce, especially in those parts of scandinavia heavily influenced by christianity where divorce was harder to obtain.
Superstition concerning the brides passage over the doorstep was wide-spread throughout the pagan world, for a doorway was a portal between worlds. The brides hair would be left outspread the wedding ceremony and the feast would be the last times when she would wear her hair unbound and uncovered. The artist was hans holbein who chose to disregard the plain looks of anne and capture her kind personality. This particular example of an elizabethan wedding custom totally back fired. Even if the pagan vikings had possessed a technology of writing similar to that of their christian successors, some details of the rites of marriage would not have been recorded, being restricted to oral transmission from the in their role as priest and priestess, being kept sacred by limiting the dissemination of the secret rituals to the initiates of their cults. The reasons given in the sagas for divorce would be familiar to any modern-day divorce court. This may have been performed by the husband, or by a , but in any case the procedure was to lay the hammer in the brides lap, blessing her reproductive organs, and frigga, goddess of childbearing, was invoked as in the ritual enacted in after this ceremony, feasting and merriment would commence that would last throughout the remainder of the week. Father and mother sit gazing into one anothers eyes, their fingers intertwined --- obviously happily in love (hollander, , p. Similarly, the authors of the sagas did not provide complete details, nor did contemporary commentators or historians from other cultures. Other germanic terms occasionally encountered which are roughly synonymous with , but was set at a statutory minimum of eight ounces of silver in iceland and twelve ounces in norway.Early Marriage >>Child marriage and child betrothal customs occur in various times and places, whereby children are given in matrimony - before marriageable ageas defined by the commentator and often before puberty.
Types of marriages in the Bible, and today - Religious ToleranceTypes of marriages and families in the Bible compared to today.
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Weddings were held on friday or friggas-day to honor the goddess of marriage. Although small family temples appear to have existed, probably the ecermony would have been held out-of-doors, either in the open or at a site such as a grove or that was considered sacred. Even if the pagan vikings had possessed a technology of writing similar to that of their christian successors, some details of the rites of marriage would not have been recorded, being restricted to oral transmission from the in their role as priest and priestess, being kept sacred by limiting the dissemination of the secret rituals to the initiates of their cults. Of course, if the grooms party was mounted for the bride-grooms-ride, it was a foregone conclusion that they would win the contest every time Buy now Arranged Marriages Essays
The first stage was crying the banns, announcing a couples intention to marry. In the case where a woman was represented by her brothers, but they could not decide among themselves whether to accept a suit, her wishes were to be followed. The saga time has passed away, and like the golden age of homer, may only be recovered in bits and potsherds, in romanticized remembrances and distant echoes. Role of icelandic women in the sagas and the production of homespun cloth,. On the other hand, a man committed adultery only if he slept with another mans wife, and his extramarital activities were never grounds for his own wife to divorce him (frank, p.
Here the new wife would first assume the foremost of her official duties as a housewife, the ceremonial serving of drink Arranged Marriages Essays Buy now
This allowed the groom to lead his new bride into the hall, ensuring that she would not stumble over the threshold. It was a payment to the father of the bride for control of the , a latin term for the right of protection and legal guardianship which was held by her father or other kinsman until she was married (. Part of the contents of these teachings may have been taken from collections of gnomic wisdom such as the verses preserved in , which touch upon the magical knowledge necessary to the housewife, and ways in which to advise and guide her husband (hollander, , pp. The bowl was then placed on an altar or built of heaped stones, and a bundle of fir-twigs dipped into the liquid. Love poems were viewed in law as a distinct slur upon a womans reputation, suggesting that the poet had had a more intimate knowledge of his beloved than was considered seemly (foote and wilson, p Buy Arranged Marriages Essays at a discount
The reasons given in the sagas for divorce would be familiar to any modern-day divorce court. The most important, unwritten rule of courtship was that the less a hopeful groom saw of his intended bride before entering into formal marriage negotiations with her family, the better his chances were of staying alive (. Here the new wife would first assume the foremost of her official duties as a housewife, the ceremonial serving of drink. A cloak was used as an outer garment. Other social gatherings such as feasts, ceremonies, markets, fairs and the like were also good places for spotting a prospective wife.
The vikings did not practice what we would recognize as a courtship, in which a man and a woman could evaluate their comparability, or in which love could blossom it was sink or swim within the bounds of wedlock Buy Online Arranged Marriages Essays
The second was the case in which a couple was too poor to support themselves and had to rely on their familes for support, in which case they could be forced to divorce by their kin, or a divorce might be grabted if one spouse with little or no money of his- or her own was suddenly charged with the support of poor relatives (jacobsen, , p. At some point in antiquity, this ritual defloration may have been an actual one, witnessed by the male and female attendants. Part of the contents of these teachings may have been taken from collections of gnomic wisdom such as the verses preserved in , which touch upon the magical knowledge necessary to the housewife, and ways in which to advise and guide her husband (hollander, , pp Buy Arranged Marriages Essays Online at a discount
Women who avoided pregnancy suffered no penalty under the law, but it was not considered proper for her to accept an inheritance if she were promiscuous (. The next morning, the new husband and wife were once again parted for a short time. In general, marriage serves two primary functions the control of sexual activity andor reproduction, and as a means of forming socioeconomic alliances between social groups. The morning-gift usually included clothing, jewelry and household goods, livestock and slaves, and many times land and estates an anglo-saxon woman in the reign of king alfred received five hides of land as her morning-gift (over five hundred acres). The elizabethan wedding custom dictated that the couples intention to marry had to be announced in the church three times on three consecutive sundays or holy days Arranged Marriages Essays For Sale
I take little credit for the success of the event, as ledirun is a formidable general who knows how best to marshal her friends and assemble her resources to stage a coup this wedding was the closest i have ever felt to the sensation of you are there. Knъtr, an english suitor paid one full pound of gold to induce his bride to accept his suit (jo ann macnamara and suzanne wemple. Attentions paid to a woman by her suitor, including visits, conversations, and the making of poems in her praise were expected, and apparently welcomed by the girl, no matter what her family may have thought (foote and wilson, p. The dowry was intended in part for the wifes maintenance during the marriage, but was reserved primarily as a sort of annuity which would be used to support her and her children if she became a widow For Sale Arranged Marriages Essays
The divorce laws show that definite circumstances warranting a divorce were necessary, and that al-gazals picture of capricious bed-hopping did not reflect the reality of viking life. Additional sources which may be used to complete a picture of the viking age date from the twelfth to thirteenth centuries these are the scandinavian chronicles, sagas, and laws. The grooms attendants would be his father, married brothers, other married men, and perhaps a. The bridegroom wore his best clothes which consisted of a doublet, breeches, hose, box pleated neck ruff and a cod piece. Karras, concubinage and slavery in the viking age, since sexuality was thoroughly regulated by the laws, which made numerous provisions for extramarital activity and illegitimate children, it is logical that the vikings saw marriage not so much as a means of limiting sexual activity, but rather as a means for forging alliances with other families Sale Arranged Marriages Essays
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